Jack London's novel White Fang (1906) deals with the violent world of wild animals also of ostensibly civilized humans. It explores morality and redemption. Set in the Yukon Territory, the story concerns a crossbreed wolf-dog, White Fang, who grows up a deadly fighter. When White Fang is sold to a dog-fighter, Beauty Smith, he is deadly and defeats all opponents. But while fighting a bulldog, he is nearly suffocated and is rescued by a gold hunter, Scott who keeps him as a pet.